AMP

amp-mega-menu

Horizontal navigation bar with menu items that open/close content containers on click.

Availability
Experimental; activated by the amp-mega-menu experiment.
Required Script <script async custom-element="amp-mega-menu" src="https://cdn.ampproject.org/v0/amp-mega-menu-0.1.js"></script>
Supported Layouts fixed-height

Overview

<amp-mega-menu> provides a way to organize and display large collections of navigational content at the top of an AMP page. The component is intended primarily for desktop and tablet use cases, and it can be used jointly with <amp-sidebar> to create a responsive menu.

Usage

The <amp-mega-menu> component includes a single <nav> element containing either a <ul> or <ol>, where each <li> element is a menu item.

The <nav> element must be parented by either the <amp-mega-menu> component or a <template>, and it must have <ul> or <ol> as its only child.

Each menu item can contain any of the following tags as direct children:

  • <h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6>
  • <a>
  • <button>
  • <span>
  • <div>

Toggleable dropdowns

A menu item should have either one child (e.g. an anchor link or element with tap action), or two if the item expands into a dropdown container. In the latter case, the two children must conform to the following specs:

  1. A <button> or element with role=button: this element is used to toggle the dropdown container (but only if the former has no registered tap action) and receives focus when navigating between items.
  2. A <div> with role=dialog: this element will be rendered as a container that holds additional content under an item, and it is initially hidden.

A mask will cover the rest of the page when a dropdown is open. Content, such as a title banner, can appear above the mask. Apply a background color on the content and place it, alongside the <amp-mega-menu>, inside a <header> element.

Each dropdown may contain any of the following AMP elements:

  • <amp-ad>
  • <amp-carousel>
  • <amp-form>
  • <amp-img>
  • <amp-lightbox>
  • <amp-list>
  • <amp-video>

The example below demonstrates an <amp-mega-menu> with three menu items. The first two are toggleable and the third is an external link.

<amp-mega-menu height="30" layout="fixed-height">
  <nav>
    <ul>
      <li>
        <span role="button">Image</span>
        <div role="dialog">
          <amp-img
            src="/static/inline-examples/images/image1.jpg"
            width="300"
            height="200"
          ></amp-img>
        </div>
      </li>
      <li>
        <span role="button">List</span>
        <div role="dialog">
          <ol>
            <li>item 1</li>
            <li>item 2</li>
            <li>item 3</li>
          </ol>
        </div>
      </li>
      <li>
        <a href="https://amp.dev/">Link</a>
      </li>
    </ul>
  </nav>
</amp-mega-menu>
Open this snippet in playground

Dynamic content rendering

Fetch content of <amp-mega-menu> dynamically from a JSON endpoint using <amp-list> and <amp-mustache> template.

The example below demonstrates this ability by nesting <amp-list> inside <amp-mega-menu>.

<amp-mega-menu height="60" layout="fixed-height">
  <amp-list
    height="350"
    layout="fixed-height"
    src="/static/samples/json/product-single-item.json"
    single-item
  >
    <template type="amp-mustache">
      <nav>
        <ul>
{{#values}}          <li>
            <h4 role="button">{{name}}</h4>
            <div role="dialog">
              <amp-img
                src="{{img}}"
                width="320"
                height="213"
              ></amp-img>
              <p>Price: $<b>{{price}}</b></p>
            </div>
          </li>
{{/values}}        </ul>
      </nav>
    </template>
  </amp-list>
</amp-mega-menu>
Open this snippet in playground

Here is the JSON file used:

{
  "items": [
    {
      "values": [
        {
          "id": 1,
          "img": "/static/samples/img/product1_640x426.jpg",
          "name": "Apple",
          "price": "1.99"
        },
        {
          "id": 2,
          "img": "/static/samples/img/product2_640x426.jpg",
          "name": "Orange",
          "price": "0.99"
        },
        {
          "id": 3,
          "img": "/static/samples/img/product3_640x426.jpg",
          "name": "Pear",
          "price": "1.50"
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Responsive design with <amp-sidebar>

Some viewports may be too narrow to display the content of <amp-mega-menu> in a single row. For these use cases, use media queries to switch between <amp-mega-menu> and <amp-sidebar>.

The example below hides <amp-mega-menu> when the viewport width is less than 500px. It replaces <amp-mega-menu> with a button that opens <amp-sidebar>.

<head>
  <script
    async
    custom-element="amp-mega-menu"
    src="https://cdn.ampproject.org/v0/amp-mega-menu-0.1.js"
  ></script>
  <script
    async
    custom-element="amp-sidebar"
    src="https://cdn.ampproject.org/v0/amp-sidebar-0.1.js"
  ></script>
  <script
    async
    custom-element="amp-accordion"
    src="https://cdn.ampproject.org/v0/amp-accordion-0.1.js"
  ></script>
  <style amp-custom>
    .sidebar-open-btn {
      font-size: 2em;
      display: none;
    }
    @media (max-width: 500px) {
      #mega-menu {
        display: none;
      }
      .sidebar-open-btn {
        display: block;
      }
    }
  </style>
</head>
<body>
  <header>
    <amp-mega-menu id="mega-menu" height="50" layout="fixed-height">
      <nav>
        <ul>
          <!-- list of menu items here -->
          <li>
            <h4 role="button">menu item</h4>
            <div role="dialog">more content</div>
          </li>
        </ul>
      </nav>
    </amp-mega-menu>
    <button class="sidebar-open-btn" on="tap:sidebar">=</button>
  </header>
  <amp-sidebar id="sidebar" layout="nodisplay">
    <amp-accordion>
      <!-- list of menu items here -->
      <section>
        <h4>menu item</h4>
        <div>more content</div>
      </section>
    </amp-accordion>
  </amp-sidebar>
</body>
Open this snippet in playground

Attributes

data-close-button-aria-label (optional) Optional attribute used to set ARIA label for the close buttons added for accessibility.
common attributes This element includes common attributes extended to AMP components.

Styling

The <amp-mega-menu> component can be styled with standard CSS.

  • The <nav> element and dropdown elements have a default white background.
  • When open, the dropdown containers will fill the entire viewport width. This can be overridden with the left and width properties.
  • Expanding a menu item applies the open attribute to the <amp-mega-menu> component as well as the expanded <li> element.

The example below customizes:

  • The background color of the navigation bar.
  • The appearance of opened menu buttons.
  • The position of the dropdown containers.
<head>
  <script
    async
    custom-element="amp-mega-menu"
    src="https://cdn.ampproject.org/v0/amp-mega-menu-0.1.js"
  ></script>
  <style amp-custom>
    .title {
      background-color: lightblue;
      padding: 0.5em;
      margin: 0;
    }
    amp-mega-menu nav {
      background-color: lightgray;
    }
    amp-mega-menu .menu-item[open] > span {
      background-color: white;
    }
    amp-mega-menu .menu-item[open] > div {
      left: 10px;
      right: 10px;
      width: auto;
    }
  </style>
</head>
<body>
  <header>
    <h1 class="title">styling the amp-mega-menu</h1>
    <amp-mega-menu height="30" layout="fixed-height">
      <nav>
        <ul>
          <li class="menu-item">
            <span role="button">List 1</span>
            <div role="dialog">
              <ol>
                <li>item 1.1</li>
                <li>item 1.2</li>
                <li>item 1.3</li>
              </ol>
            </div>
          </li>
          <li class="menu-item">
            <span role="button">List 2</span>
            <div role="dialog">
              <ol>
                <li>item 2.1</li>
                <li>item 2.2</li>
                <li>item 2.3</li>
              </ol>
            </div>
          </li>
        </ul>
      </nav>
    </amp-mega-menu>
  </header>
</body>
Open this snippet in playground

Accessibility

<amp-mega-menu> assigns the following ARIA attributes on the children of each expandable menu item. Screen readers use these attributes to associate buttons with toggleable containers and trap focus inside opened containers.

<li>
  <button aria-expanded aria-controls="unique_id" aria-haspopup="dialog">
    ...
  </button>
  <div role="dialog" aria-modal id="unique_id">
    ...
  </div>
</li>

In addition, to assist screen reader users, an invisible but tabbable close button is added to the start and end of each role=dialog element.

Keyboard support for the component includes:

  • Left/right arrow keys to navigate between menu items when focused.
  • Enter/Space keys to trigger an active menu item button.
  • Esc key to collapse the mega menu.

Open on hover is not currently supported by <amp-mega-menu> due to UX and accessibility concerns. In particular, we want to avoid scenarios where:

  • A user moves cursor over a button that toggles the dropdown menu and clicks, which immediately closes the dropdown after opening it on hover.
  • A user wants to click on an element below a closed dropdown but accidentally opens it on hover and clicks inside the dropdown instead.

More information on this topic can be found in the Accessibility Developer Guide.

Validation

See amp-mega-menu rules in the AMP validator specification.

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