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Adding carousels

Another common feature in mobile pages is a carousel. You can easily add carousels to AMP pages by using the amp-carousel component. Let’s start with a simple example, such as a carousel of images.

Remember to include the amp-carousel component library by adding the following JavaScript request to the <head> tag of your document:

<script async custom-element="amp-carousel" src="https://cdn.ampproject.org/v0/amp-carousel-0.1.js"></script>

Next, let's embed a simple carousel of images with a responsive layout and a predefined width and height. Add the following to your page:

<amp-carousel layout="fixed-height" height="168" type="carousel" >
  <amp-img src="mountains-1.jpg" width="300" height="168"></amp-img>
  <amp-img src="mountains-2.jpg" width="300" height="168"></amp-img>
  <amp-img src="mountains-3.jpg" width="300" height="168"></amp-img>
</amp-carousel>

Refresh your page and you should see a carousel:

Simple images carousel

The amp-carousel component can be configured in a variety of ways. Let's change the UI to show only a single image at a time and make the layout of the carousel responsive.

To do this, first change the type of the amp-carousel from carousel to slides, change the layout to responsive and set the width to 300 (ensuring it has both a height and width defined). Add the "layout=responsive" attribute to the amp-img children of the amp-carousel.

Reload your page. Now, instead of a scrolling list of elements you’ll see one element at a time. Try swiping horizontally to move through the elements. If you swipe to the third element you won’t be able to swipe any further.

Next, add the loop attribute. Refresh the page and try swiping to the left immediately. The carousel loops endlessly.

Lastly, let’s make this carousel autoplay at a rate of every 2 seconds. Add the autoplay attribute and the delay attribute with a value of 2000 (e.g., delay="2000") to the amp-carousel.

Your final result should look something like this:

<amp-carousel layout="responsive" width="300" height="168" type="slides" autoplay delay="2000" loop>
  <amp-img src="mountains-1.jpg" width="300" height="168" layout="responsive"></amp-img>
  <amp-img src="mountains-2.jpg" width="300" height="168" layout="responsive"></amp-img>
  <amp-img src="mountains-3.jpg" width="300" height="168" layout="responsive"></amp-img>
</amp-carousel>

Refresh the page and give it a spin!

NOTE – You might have noticed that when the amp-carousel had the carousel type we used the fixed-height layout type. The supported layout types for the carousel type are limited; for example the carousel type does not support responsive layout. As the name implies, fixed-height elements take the space available to them, but keep the height unchanged. For fixed-height elements, you must define the height attribute, while the width attribute should either be auto or not set.

Image carousels are great but what if we want more complex content to appear in our carousel? Let’s try mixing things up a little by placing an ad, some text, and an image all in a single carousel. Can amp-carousel really handle such a mixture all at once? Absolutely!

First, let’s add this style to your <style amp-custom> to ensure the amp-fit-text and amp-carousel components work together safely:

amp-fit-text {
    white-space: normal;
}

Now, replace your simple carousel with this:

<amp-carousel layout="fixed-height" height="250" type="carousel" >
    <amp-img src="blocky-mountains-1.jpg" width="300" height="250"></amp-img>

    <amp-ad width="300" height="250"
      type="doubleclick"
      data-slot="/35096353/amptesting/image/static">
        <div placeholder>This ad is still loading.</div>
    </amp-ad>

    <amp-fit-text width="300" height="250" layout="fixed">
        Big, bold article quote goes here.
    </amp-fit-text>
</amp-carousel>

Refresh the page and you should see something like this:

A carousel of mixed content

To learn more, see the amp-carousel component reference documentation.

NOTE – In our last example you may have noticed the amp-ad component included a child div element with the placeholder attribute. Earlier in the tutorial, we encountered a similar scenario with amp-ad using a fallback. What’s the difference between placeholder and fallback? Fallback elements appear when the parent element fails to load, i.e. if there was no ad available. placeholder elements appear in place of the parent element, while it is loading. In a sense, these elements bookend the loading process of the parent element. You can learn more in Placeholders & fallbacks guide.